Template:Infobox Senator Willis Benson Machen (April 10, 1810 – September 29, 1893) was a Democratic U.S. Senator from Kentucky.
Willis B. Machen was born the son of Henry and Nancy (Tarrant) Machen on April 10, 1810 in Caldwell County, Kentucky (now Lyon County, Kentucky). He attended the common schools of the area and became a farmer. Machen attended Cumberland College in Princeton, and then engaged in agricultural pursuits near Eddyville.
In addition to farming, Machen worked at the Livingston iron forge. Soon, he and a partner opened their own business, but it failed and nearly led Machen to financial ruin. Eventually, he was able to repay his debts, and he began building turnpikes. An injury forced him to abandon that course as well, so he turned to the practice of law. He was admitted to the bar in 1844 and quickly built up a large clientele.
Machen married Margaret A. Lyon, daughter of U.S. Representative Chittenden Lyon and granddaughter of U.S. Representative Colonel Matthew Lyon.
Machen was delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1849, was a member of the Kentucky Senate in 1854, and was a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1856 and 1860.
When a group of secessionist Kentuckians formed a Confederate government for the state, the Kentucky Confederate legislative council elected Machen as its president. Machen represented Kentucky's 1st congressional district in the First Confederate Congress, serving on the Accounts and Ways and Means Committees. He was re-elected to the Second Confederate Congress and worked in the quartermaster and commissary departments. In total, he served in the Confederate Congress from February 22, 1862 until its dissolution in April 1865.
After the close of the war, Machen, fearing reprisals for his alignment with the Confederacy, fled to Canada; his third wife and daughters Minnie and Marjorie joined him there. In 1869, President Ulysses S. Grant issued a pardon for Machen, and he returned to Kentucky.
Friends encouraged Machen to run for governor, but there were questions about his eligibility, and he declined. On July 9, 1872, Kentucky's delegates to the Democratic National Convention in Baltimore, Maryland nominated Machen for the office of Vice-President of the United States; he received one electoral vote.
On September 22, 1872, Governor Preston H. Leslie appointed Machen to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Garrett Davis. When the Kentucky Senate re-convened, he was formally elected to the seat on January 21, 1873, defeating Republican Tarvin Baker by a vote of 104–18. He served from September 27, 1872, to March 3, 1873.
Following his congressional tenure, he resumed agricultural interests. He also jointly owned several iron furnaces in Lyon County; it was at one of these furnaces that William Kelly invented his process for making steel rails. In 1880, Machen was appointed to the Kentucky Railroad Commission, serving one full term.
Following his term on the railroad commission, Machen retired to Mineral Mount, his 1,000-acre (4 km2) estate on the Cumberland River near Eddyville, where he raised tobacco. He died September 29, 1893 at the Western Asylum in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, and was interred in Riverview Cemetery in Eddyville.
- National Cyclopedia, p. 395
- Kleber, p. 598
- Milford, p. 3
- Kent Masterson Brown, ed (2000). "The Government of Confederate Kentucky". The Civil War in Kentucky: Battle for the Bluegrass. Mason City, Iowa: Savas Publishing Company. pp. 69–98. ISBN 1882810473.
- Cline, p. 17
- Milford, p. 4
- Willis Benson Machen at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Cline, Sally (2004). Zelda Fitzgerald: Her Voice in Paradise. Arcade Publishing. pp. 16–19. ISBN 1559707186. http://books.google.com/books?id=NzNFszyDvdsC. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- Johnson, Rossiter (1904). The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. The Biographical Society. http://books.google.com/books?id=U-0UAAAAYAAJ. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- Kleber, John E. (1992). Kleber, John E.. ed. The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Associate editors: Thomas D. Clark, Lowell H. Harrison, and James C. Klotter. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813117720.
- Milford, Nancy (1983). Zelda. HarperCollins. pp. 3–4. ISBN 0060910690. http://books.google.com/books?id=Dqf5P9JQyeMC. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- The National Cyclopedia of American Biography. J.T. White. 1904. p. 395. http://books.google.com/books?id=gawYAAAAIAAJ. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- McLaughlin, James Fairfax (1900). Matthew Lyon, the Hampden of Congress. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Company. pp. 422–426. http://books.google.com/books?id=8K1YAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
Template:Start box |- ! colspan="3" style="background: #cccccc" | United States Senate Template:U.S. Senator box |}
sv:Willis Benson Machen