William Linn McMillen
Personal Information
Born: October 18, 1829(1829-10-18)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: February 8, 1902 (aged 72)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Nickname: {{{nickname}}}
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: Union Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Brevet Major General
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Battles: American Civil War
Relations: {{{relations}}}
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}

Dr. William Linn McMillen (October 18, 1829 – February 8, 1902) was an American surgeon, army general, farmer and legislator.


Born in Hillsboro, Ohio, and educated there, he graduated from Starling Medical College in 1852, and practiced medicine in Ohio until July 1862. McMillen served as a surgeon with the Russian Army in the Crimean War. On the outbreak of the American Civil War, he served as a surgeon with the 1st Ohio Volunteers in 1861, and as Surgeon General of the State of Ohio, 1861-2. He enlisted in the 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment serving as colonel. He was wounded on August 30, 1862, in the Battle of Richmond. Accused of cowardly conduct during that engagement (in which he and about half the Union forces involved were captured), he was court-martialed, tried and acquitted after his release.

He led his brigade at the Battle of Nashville. He reportedly attacked captured and disarmed Confederate General Thomas Benton Smith with Smith's own sword (one source says "wantonly and repeatedly"[1]), causing brain injuries sufficiently severe that Smith spent most of the rest of his life in a nearby state hospital for the insane. McMillen was brevetted as a brigadier general in 1865, retroactive to the date of the battle, and commanded the district after Robert E. Lee's surrender.

In July 1867, he was brevetted Major General of U.S. Volunteers, retroactive to March 13, 1865. In Smith's obituary, it was stated that when McMillen's role in Smith's injuries became public knowledge, he was asked to relinquish his office in the New Orleans chapter of the Grand Army of the Republic.[2]

McMillen moved to Louisiana in 1866, and began planting cotton. A Republican, he served as a member of the 1868 Constitutional Convention, and as a state senator from 1870–2. In 1872 and 1873 he was elected as a U. S. senator by the McEnery "rump" legislature, but was not admitted to that seat. He served as postmaster of New Orleans under Rutherford B. Hayes, and as Surveyor of the Port of New Orleans under Benjamin Harrison.

He married Elizabeth I. King, née Neil, of Columbus, Ohio on April 18, 1861. Upon his retirement, he returned to Ohio; he died and was buried in Columbus's Green Lawn Cemetery.[3]

See also


  1. Warner, Ezra. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders" Louisiana State University Press, 1959. p. 284
  2. Fisher, John E. They Rode with Forrest and Wheeler Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1995. pp. 169–170.
  3. William L. McMillen at Find a Grave Retrieved on 2008-12-26
NAME Macmillen, William L.
SHORT DESCRIPTION Union Army general, physician, politician
DATE OF BIRTH October 18, 1829
PLACE OF BIRTH Hillsboro, Ohio
DATE OF DEATH February 8, 1902
PLACE OF DEATH Columbus, Ohio
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.