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File:Alexander Stephens.jpg

Former Georgia Representative Alexander Stephens, who served as Confederate V.P.

The Vice President of the Confederate States of America Alexander Stephens of Georgia, who served under President Jefferson Davis of Mississippi from February 18, 1861 to May 11, 1865. Both were elected without opposition. They were considered provisional office-holders until November 6, 1861. [1]

According to the Confederate States Constitution, the Vice President's office was almost entirely identical to that of the Vice President of the United States [2].

The Vice President was elected by an electoral college (closely modeled after the U.S. Electoral College) along with the President. If no candidate won a majority in the Electoral College, the Confederate Senate would elect the Vice President from the top two vote-getters. Candidates for President and Vice President could not be citizens of the same state. Like the President, the Vice President had to be a natural-born citizen of the Confederacy or a natural-born citizen of the U.S. born prior to December 20, 1860, and a resident in the Confederacy for over 14 years.

The Vice President's duty was presiding over the Confederate Senate and breaking tied votes, as the U.S. Vice President presides and breaks ties in the U.S. Senate. He was also the first person in the line of succession. If the President died, resigned or was removed from office, the Vice President would become the new president for the remainder of his term. This never happened.

The major difference between the U.S. and the Confederate Vice Presidencies was that the term in office was six years long. The President was explicitly forbidden to run for a second term by the constitution, but the Vice President was not. It was unclear whether or not a Vice President, who became President in the middle of a term, could run for his own term afterward.