Civil War Wiki
Theodore Runyon
Personal Information
Born: October 29, 1822(1822-10-29)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: January 27, 1896 (aged 73)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
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Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
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Branch: Union Army
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Rank: Major General
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Battles: American Civil War
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Theodore Runyon (October 29, 1822 – January 27, 1896) was a United States politician, diplomat, and Civil War brigadier general in the Union army.


Theodore Runyon was born in Somerville, New Jersey of Huguenot descent. He was a direct descendant of Vincent Rongion [1] (1644–1713), a Huguenot who was born in Poitiers, France and settled in New Jersey. Theodore Runyon graduated from Yale University, where he helped found Scroll and Key Society. Runyon entered the New Jersey bar in 1846 and began the practice of law in Newark, New Jersey.

As a brigadier general in the Union Army, Runyon led the Fourth Division of the Army of Northeastern Virginia in the First Battle of Bull Run. Fort Runyon, named in his honor, was a timber and earthwork fort constructed by the Union Army following the occupation of northern Virginia in order to defend the southern approaches to the Long Bridge as part of the defenses of Washington, D.C. during that war.[1]

From 1864 to 1866, Runyon served as mayor of Newark as a Democrat. He had previously been city attorney and city counsel. Runyon was appointed Major General in charge of the New Jersey National Guard and served in this post until 1873. He was the first president of the Manufacturers' National Bank of Newark until he became chancellor of New Jersey, an office he held for 14 years.

In 1893, Runyon became envoy and later ambassador to Germany where he died in 1896. He is buried at Mount Pleasant Cemetery in Newark, New Jersey.

See also[]

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32x28px American Civil War portal


  1. Civil War Defenses of Washington, National Park Service. Accessed September 20, 2007.

External links[]

Template:Start box Template:S-off |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Moses Bigelow |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Mayor of Newark, New Jersey
1864–1866 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Thomas Baldwin Peddie |- Template:S-ppo |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Joel Parker |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Democratic Nominee for Governor of New Jersey
1865 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Theodore Fitz Randolph |- |- ! colspan="3" style="background: #FACEFF;" | Diplomatic posts

|- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
William Walter Phelps |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|United States Ambassador to Germany
1896 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Edwin F. Uhl |- |}