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St. Clair Augustine Mulholland
[[Image:St. Clair Mulholland|center|200px|border]]St. Clair Mulholland
Personal Information
Born: April 1, 1839(1839-04-01)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: February 17, 1910 (aged 70)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: United States Army
Union Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Brevet Major General
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Battles: American Civil War
Awards: Medal of Honor
Relations: {{{relations}}}
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}

St. Clair Augustine Mulholland (April 1, 1839 – February 17, 1910) was a brevet major general in the Union Army in the American Civil War who later received the Medal of Honor for gallantry in action.


Mulholland was born in Lisburn, County Antrim, Ireland. Emigrating to Philadelphia with his parents while a boy, his youthful tastes inclined him to military affairs and he became active in the ranks of the militia. At the breaking out of the Civil War he was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the 116th Pennsylvania Infantry, which was attached to Meagher's Irish Brigade, and later was made its colonel.

He was wounded during the famous charge of the Irish Brigade up Marye's Heights at the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, 1862. At the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 3, and May 4, 1863, he led his regiment and distinguished himself by saving the guns of the Fifth Maine Battery that had been abandoned to the enemy. For this he was complimented in general orders and later received the Medal of Honor from Congress. In this campaign he was given the command of the picket line by Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock and covered the retreat of the Army of the Potomac across the Rappahannock River.

Although Mulholland later claimed that at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 2, 1863 he personally took command of the 140th Pennsylvania Volunteers and led it into action, this fact is mentioned in neither his own official report of the battle,[1] nor that of the lieutenant colonel commanding the 140th.[2] He was wounded a second time at the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5, 1864, and for his conduct was brevetted as a brigadier general. At Po River he was wounded a third time, but remained in hospital only ten days. Resuming his command, he was dangerously wounded again at the Battle of Totopotomoy Creek. He recovered rapidly and commanded his brigade in all the actions around Petersburg, particularly distinguishing himself by storming a fort for which he was brevetted as a major general on October 27, 1864.


Returning to civil life after the war, he was appointed Chief of Police in Philadelphia in 1868, and signalized his administration by the good order in which he kept both the force and the city. President Grover Cleveland appointed him United States Pension Agent, in which office he was continued by Presidents McKinley and Roosevelt. He was considered an authority on the science of penology, and also devoted much of his leisure time to art studies, and as a lecturer and writer on the Civil War and its records. He compiled a history of the 116th Regiment, and another of those to whom Congress voted the Medal of Honor. In the Catholic affairs of Philadelphia, he was always active and a leader among the best known laymen.

Mulholland was portrayed by Tim O'Hare in the Civil War film Gods and Generals.

Medal of Honor citation[]

Rank and organization: Major, 116th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Chancellorsville, Va., 4_May 5, 1863. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Born: April 1, 1839, Ireland. Date of issue: March 26, 1895.


In command of the picket line held the enemy in check all night to cover the retreat of the Army.

See also[]


  • Template:Catholic
  • St. Clair Augustine Mulholland at Find a Grave Retrieved on 2008-07-03
  • Mulholland, St. Clair A., The story of the 116th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion, New York : Fordham University Press, 1996.
  • U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901.


  1. Official Records Series I, Vol. XXVII, p. 392
  2. Official Records Series I, Vol. XXVII, p. 395