Samuel Douglas McEnery (May 28, 1837 – June 10, 1910) served as the 30th Governor of Louisiana from 1881 until 1888, and as a United States Senator from 1897 until 1910.
McEnery was born in Monroe, Louisiana. He attended Spring Hill College in Mobile, Alabama, the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, and the University of Virginia at Charlottesville. In 1859, McEnery graduated from the State and National Law School in Poughkeepsie, New York. McEnery served as a lieutenant in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War.
In 1866, McEnery began practicing law in Monroe. He was elected Lieutenant Governor in 1879, and became Governor of Louisiana in 1881 after the death of Louis A. Wiltz. McEnery was elected to a full term as governor in 1884, but failed to be re-elected in 1888. McEnery's administration was weak due to the power held by the State Treasurer Edward A. Burke and the Louisiana State Lottery Company through corruption. Despite Louisiana's Roman Catholic plurality (and majority in Acadiana and many of the southern parishes of the state), McEnery was the last Catholic to be elected governor prior to Edwin Edwards (elected 1971, inaugurated 1972).
After losing the 1888 election, McEnery was appointed to serve as an associate justice in the Louisiana Supreme Court. He was elected to serve in the United States Senate in 1896, serving there until his death in 1910. While in the Senate, McEnery served on the Committee of Corporations formed in the District of Columbia and the Committee of Transportation and Sale of Meat Products.
- After Edwards, Catholics Kathleen Babineaux Blanco and Bobby Jindal were elected governors.
- For McEnery's positions on the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, see Robert Harrison, Congress, Progressive Reform, and the New American State (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 77, 235, 253. ISBN 9780521827898, ISBN 0521827892.
- See the Louisiana Secretary of State's "Samuel Douglas McEnery" site for McEnery's religious affiliation, date of death, and other information.
- McENERY, Samuel Douglas at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2008-10-19
- State of Louisiana - Biography
- Cemetery Memorial by La-Cemeteries
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|width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Louis A. Wiltz |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Governor of Louisiana
1881–1888 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Francis T. Nicholls |- |- ! colspan="3" style="background: #cccccc" | United States Senate |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Newton C. Blanchard |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|US Senator (Class 3) from Louisiana
1897–1910 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
John R. Thornton |- |} Template:Governors of Louisiana Template:USSenLA
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