|U.S. National Register of Historic Places|
|U.S. National Historic Landmark|
|Location:||100 Orleans Street, Natchez, Mississippi|
|Architectural style(s):||Greek Revival|
|Added to NRHP:||August 16, 1977|
|Designated NHL:||January 19, 1989|
Rosalie Mansion is a historic pre-Civil War mansion in Natchez, Mississippi, significant for its influence on architecture in a wide area. During the American Civil War, it served as Union headquarters for the Natchez area from July 1863 on.
It was built for a wealthy cotton broker in 1823 on the bluff overlooking the Mississippi River, on a portion of the site of the Natchez Indians massacre of the French in 1729 at Fort Rosalie. It has been owned, operated and maintained by the Mississippi State Society Daughters of the American Revolution for over 70 years. On July 13, 1863 General Grant took possession of Rosalie to use as Union Army Headquarters. On August 26, 1863 General Walter Gresham took command of Union Army troops at Natchez. His headquarters remained at Rosalie.
Gresham had much of the owner's furnishings stored in the attic and put under guard to prevent theft or destruction. Union army tents covered much of the property surrounding the mansion. Union Army soldiers were placed in position in the observatory on top of the mansion.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://www.nr.nps.gov/.
- "Rosalie". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1725&ResourceType=Building. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
- Ann McCormack O'Hare (Mrs. William E.) (July 29, 1988). PDF (480 KB). National Park Service and PDF (1.94 MB)
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