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Robert Jemison, Jr. (September 17, 1802 in Lincoln County, Georgia – October 16, 1871 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama) was As a Civil War era politician who voted against the secession of Alabama and later became the state's Confederate senator from 1863–1865.He also served in the Alabama General Assembly from 1837 until 1863. He used the Jr. behind his name to distinguish himself from an uncle of the same name.

Jemison owned multiple businesses, running a stagecoach line, toll roads, toll bridges, grist mills, sawmills, turnpikes, stables, a hotel, and plank roads. He owned six plantations in western Alabama, totaling 10,000 acres (4,000 ha). The largest was his 4,000-acre (1,600 ha) Cherokee place plantation in what is now Northport, where he resided before building his townhouse, the Jemison-Van de Graaff Mansion, across the river in Tuscaloosa. Although against the secession of Alabama, he went on to the serve the Confederacy during the American Civil War and lost most of his monetary assets.

One of his businesses was the Tuscaloosa Bridge Company. It built two of the first covered bridges across the Black Warrior River. He and Horace King, a skilled multiracial slave from Russell County, became good friends when Jemison hired him to build bridges in eastern Mississippi. Horace became one of the most respected bridge designers and builders in the Deep South and in 1846, Jemison, along with his owner, John Godwin, obtained his freedom in 1846 through an act of the Alabama Legislature. Horace built the last covered bridge at Tuscaloosa and Northport over the Black Warrior in 1872 just a few months after Jemison's death on October 16th 1871. Jemison made an arrangement with Tuscaloosa County for Horace King to build the bridge and this bridge was the first of many that the county would build.


Template:Start box |- ! colspan="3" style="background: #cccccc" | Confederate States Senate |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
William Lowndes Yancey |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Confederate States Senator from Alabama
December 28, 1863 – May 10, 1865
Served alongside: Clement Claiborne Clay Template:S-non |}

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