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Robert Brank Vance
Personal Information
Born: April 24, 1828(1828-04-24)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: November 28, 1899 (aged 71)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Confederate States of America
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: Confederate States Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Brigadier General
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Commands: 29th North Carolina Regiment
Battles: American Civil War
Relations: {{{relations}}}
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}

Robert Brank Vance (April 24, 1828 – November 28, 1899), nephew of the earlier Congressman Robert Brank Vance (1793–1827) and brother of Zebulon Baird Vance, was a North Carolina Democratic politician who served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for six terms (1873–1885). He was chairman of the United States House Committee on Patents. During the American Civil War, Vance served in the Confederate States Army, where he reached the rank of brigadier general.

Early life[]

Vance was born in Buncombe County, North Carolina. He attended the common schools in the county and worked as a farmer and a merchant. He later served as the clerk of the court of pleas and quarter sessions in Buncombe County.[1]

Civil War[]

Vance recruited a company known as the Buncombe Life Guards and was elected captain of the company. He was then elected colonel of the newly formed 29th North Carolina Infantry Regiment. He was sent to eastern Tennessee and took part in his defense of the Cumberland Gap and went with Edmund Kirby Smith into Kentucky. Vance commanded the brigade of James E. Rains after his death at the Battle of Murfreesboro. This command was short lived as Vance contracts typhoid fever. He was promoted to brigadier general to rank from March 4, 1863. After he recovered from his illness, he was assigned to Western North Carolina. He was captured on January 14, 1864 at Crosbys Creek, Tennessee and was held at Fort Delaware until March 10, 1865.[1][2]

Post-War career[]

Vance was elected to Congress six times, serving from 1873 to 1885. After losing his seat in Congress, Vance served as federal Assistant Commissioner of Patents and later was elected to one term in the North Carolina House of Representatives (1894–1896).[2]


Vance died near Asheville, North Carolina on November 28, 1899. He and his brother Zebulon are both interred in the Riverside Cemetery in Asheville, North Carolina.[2][3]

See also[]

32x28px United States Army portal
32x28px American Civil War portal


  1. 1.0 1.1 Warner, p. 313.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Warner, p. 314.
  3. "Riverside Cemetery". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 


External links[]