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Richard Franchot (June 2, 1816 – November 23, 1875) was a U.S. Representative from New York and then an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was also an executive of two railroad companies, one before the war and another afterwards.


Born in the Town of Morris in Otsego County, New York, and the son of French immigrant Paschal Franchot, Richard Franchot attended the public schools and the Hartwick and Cherry Valley Academies. He studied civil engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, in Troy, New York. He served for several years as president of the Albany and Susquehanna Railroad.

Franchot was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh Congress (March 4, 1861 – March 3, 1863). He was not a candidate for renomination in 1862.

He moved to Schenectady, New York, and raised the One Hundred and Twenty-first Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry. Franchot was commissioned as a colonel on August 23, 1862, and was brevetted as a brigadier general of U.S. Volunteers dating from March 13, 1865.

After the war, he was associated with the Central Pacific Railroad.

Franchot died in Schenectady, New York, on November 23, 1875. He was interred in Vale Cemetery.


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PD-icon This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.