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Robert, Duke of Chartres
[[Image:250px|center|200px|border]]Robert (right) with his brother
the Count of Paris (left) in Union uniform
Personal Information
Born: November 9, 1840(1840-11-09)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: December 5, 1910 (aged 70)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Nickname:
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: Union, France
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Colonel
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Unit:
Commands: 19th mounted chasseurs
Battles: Wars of Italian Unification,
American Civil War,
Franco-Prussian War
Awards:
Relations:
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}


Prince Robert Philippe Louis Eugène Ferdinand of Orléans, Duke of Chartres (November 9, 1840, Paris - December 5, 1910, Saint Firmin) was the son of Prince Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans and thus grandson of King Louis-Philippe of France. He fought for the Union in the American Civil War, and then for France in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War. In 1863 he married his cousin Princess Françoise of Orléans in Kingston-on-Thames - she was the daughter of François, Prince of Joinville. In 1886 he was exiled from France.

Life[]

File:Robert duc de Chartres.jpg

Photograph of Prince Robert (ca. 1910)

Born in 1840, the duke was very soon orphaned - his father died in a cabriolet accident in 1842, and his mother died in 1857. Thus, during their childhood and adolescence, he and his elder brother were mainly looked after by their grandparents, king Louis-Philippe and queen Marie-Amélie of the Bourbon-Siciles. He followed the rest of the Orléans family into exile after the 1848 revolution. Louis-Philippe refused to fire upon the revolutionaries and thus abdicated his crown in favour of Robert's brother on February 24,. As a result Robert's mother Helena presented herself before the chamber of deputies to proclaim her elder son king of the French and to have herself named regent, accompanied by her brother-in-law, the Duke of Nemours, and his children. However, the assembly of Ledru-Rollin, Crémieux and Lamartine, frustrated her plans and instituted the Second French Republic. Helena and her children thus left France for Germany, whilst Louis-Philippe and the rest of the royal family moved to the United Kingdom. There they set up home in Claremont, property of King Leopold I of Belgium, himself related to Louis-Philippe. Whilst in England, in 1857 his mother Duchess Helen of Mecklenburg-Schwerin succumbed to influenza, which she passed on to Robert.

Sent to Turin for military training shortly after his mother's death, the duke of Chartres became an officer in the Piedmontese dragoons and fought in the Wars of Italian Unification on the side of France and the House of Savoy from 1859 onwards. He notably fought at the battle of Palestro, for which he was decorated by king Victor Emmanuel II. In 1861, Chartres fought at his brother's side in another war : the American Civil War. As an officer on the staff of the Union commander-in-chief, the young prince also fought the South at Gaines' Mill. During their stay in the United States, the princes were accompanied by their uncle, the Prince of Joinville, who painted many watercolours of their stay. Returning to Europe, the Duke of Chartres decided to marry but, as an exiled member of a royal house considered illegitimate by most of the reigning dynasties of the continent, found he would be unable to marry a foreign princess. He thus asked for the hand of his first cousin Françoise d'Orléans-Joinville, whom he married on June 11, 1863, in Kingston-upon-Thames, England. They bought and lived in a house in Ham, (now the site of the Cassel Hospital).[1]

Finding himself in Brussels with his uncles Prince François and Prince Henri, Duke of Aumale in 1870 on the declaration of the Franco-Prussian War, the Duke of Chartres immediately requested Napoleon III's government for authorisation to fight in the conflict. However, the minister of war opposed Robert's participation in the was and he was thus unable to enroll in the French army until after the fall of the Empire. He thus fought in the war under the pseudonym Robert Le Fort and was made head of a squadron in the armée de la Loire, fighting with such distinction he was made a knight of the Légion d'honneur once the war was over. The provisional government kept him at that rank and in 1871 sent him to Algeria to put down a native revolt. In 1881 the Republican regime - more and more hostile to members of the Orléans and Napoléon former French royal families - removed him from his post as colonel of the 19th mounted chasseurs. Then in 1886 the law of exile allowed the government to remove the prince from the army lists.

Issue[]

Robert and Françoise had 5 children:

  • Princess Marie of Orléans (1865–1909), who in 1885 married Prince Valdemar of Denmark, son of King Christian IX of Denmark.
  • Prince Robert d'Orléans (1866–1885).
  • Prince Henri of Orléans (1867–1901).
  • Princess Marguerite d'Orléans (1869–1940), who in 1896 married Marie-Armand-Patrice de Mac-Mahon, 2nd Duke of Magenta, son of Patrice de Mac-Mahon, 1st Duke of Magenta.
  • Prince Jean d'Orléans, "Duke of Guise" and Orléanist pretender to the throne of France as "Jean III", who in 1899 married his first cousin Princess Isabelle d'Orléans (1878–1961), daughter of Prince Philippe, Count of Paris.

Works[]

  • Histoire de la guerre civile en Amérique – 7 Bände. Paris: 1874–87

References[]

  1. James Green, Silvia Greenwood: Ham and Petersham as it was, 1980, ISBN 0-86067-057-0

External links[]

Template:S-roy
Preceded by
Philippe, comte de Paris
Heir to the Throne
as Heir presumptive
24 February 1848-26 February 1848
Succeeded by
Jérôme Bonaparte

Template:Princes of Orléans

ca:Robert d'Orleans (duc de Chartres) de:Robert d’Orléans, duc de Chartres fr:Robert d'Orléans it:Roberto d'Orléans nl:Robert van Bourbon-Orléans ja:ロベール・ドルレアン (シャルトル公) pl:Robert Orleański, książę Chartres pt:Roberto de Orléans ru:Роберт, герцог Шартрский sv:Robert, hertig av Chartres

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