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Nicholas Longworth Anderson
[[Image:File:NicholasLongworthAnderson.jpg|center|200px|border]]Nicholas Longworth Anderson
Personal Information
Born: April 22, 1838(1838-04-22)
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Died: September 18, 1892 (aged 54)
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Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
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Rank: Colonel
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Commands: 6th Ohio Volunteer Infantry
Battles: American Civil War
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Nicholas Longworth Anderson (April 22, 1838 – September 18, 1892) was a United States Army officer who served in the American Civil War as Colonel of the 6th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.


Anderson graduated from Harvard College in 1858 and traveled in Europe. He returned to Cincinnati and was studying law when the war began. Anderson volunteered as a private in the Union Army, but soon was promoted to colonel. He served in western Virginia and in most of the major campaigns in the Western Theater. Severely wounded twice, he mustered out of the service with the regiment on June 23, 1864.

On March 13, 1865 he was Brevetted to the rank of Brigadier General and Major General of U.S. volunteers, for "gallant conduct and meritorious services in the battle of Stone's River, December 31, 1862" and for "distinguished gallantry and meritorious conduct in the battle of Chickamauga, September 19 and 20, 1863".

Following the death of his father, Anderson spent much of the remainder of his days managing the estate he had inherited from his mother. Anderson died in Lucerne, Switzerland at age fifty-four and is buried in Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati.


Nicholas Longworth Anderson, son of Larz Anderson II and Catherine (Longworth) Anderson, was the scion of two distinguished Ohio families. Through his mother, he was the grandson of Nicholas Longworth, founder of the Longworth family. On his father's side, Nicholas Longworth Anderson was the nephew of three notable uncles:

  • Major Robert Anderson of the Battle of Fort Sumter
  • Charles Anderson, briefly Governor of Ohio
  • Rev. William C. Anderson, President of Miami University 1849–1854

His cousin Allen Latham Anderson attained the rank of Brevet Brigadier General. Another cousin, Thomas McArthur Anderson, was a brigadier general who fought in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine-American War.

Wife and son[]

Nicholas Longworth Anderson married Elizabeth Coles Kilgour. Their son Larz Anderson III was born while the couple was in Paris. This son also was a captain in the Army during the Spanish-American War and briefly served as U.S. Ambassador to Japan.

Larz married Isabel Weld Perkins who later edited and published The letters and journals of General Nicholas Longworth Anderson; Harvard, civil war, Washington, 1854-1892. Larz and Isabel also created the Anderson Memorial Bridge in Cambridge, Massachusetts and dedicated it to his memory.

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