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Morgan Lewis Smith
Personal Information
Born: March 8, 1822(1822-03-08)
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Died: December 29, 1874 (aged 52)
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Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
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Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Brigadier General
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Commands: 8th Missouri Volunteer Infantry
Battles: American Civil War
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Morgan Lewis Smith (March 8, 1822 – December 29, 1874) was a Union general in the American Civil War.


Smith was born in Oswego County, New York. In 1843 he settled in Indiana, and later had some military experience in the United States Army. At the outbreak of the Civil War he raised the 8th Missouri Volunteer Infantry, of which he was elected Colonel in 1861. He commanded a brigade at the capture of Fort Donelson, and performed well at Shiloh. At these two battles his losses only included dead and wounded, none missing or captured. This was a testimonial to Smith's leadership, considering other commands lost thousands to sulkers and prisoners during both battles.[1]

In July 1862 he was made a brigadier general of volunteers and served under Sherman in the Vicksburg Campaign. At the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou he received a severe wound, from which he would not recover until October 1863. He did recover in time to join the Army of the Tennessee before Chattanooga.

He led his division in the battles at Chattanooga, and in the following year's Atlanta Campaign. During the Battle of Atlanta he assumed command of the XV Corps when John A. Logan assumed command of the Army of the Tennessee after James B. McPherson's death. He returned to command his division at the battle of Ezra Church but was forced to leave active field command due to complications from his wound received at Chickasaw Bluffs.[2] Afterwards he was placed in charge of Vicksburg. General Sherman said of M.L. Smith, "He was one of the bravest men in action I ever knew." He died at Jersey City, New Jersey. His brother, Giles Alexander Smith, was also a noted Union general.

See also[]


This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.