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Melancton Smith
[[Image:175px|center|200px|border]]Melancton Smith III
Personal Information
Born: May 24, 1810
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: July 19, 1893
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: United States Navy
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Rear Admiral
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Unit: USS Massachusetts
USS Wabash
Battles: Seminole Wars
American Civil War
Relations: {{{relations}}}
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}

Melancton Smith (May 24, 1810 – July 19, 1893) was a United States Navy officer who served during the Seminole Wars and the American Civil War.

Early life[]

Melancton Smith III was born in New York City, the was the son of Col. Melancton Smith, Jr., an army officer during the War of 1812, and grandson of Melancton Smith, a Continental Congressman. The third Melancton joined the U.S. Navy at a young age.

Civil War service[]

At the outbreak of the American Civil War Smith commanded the USS Massachusetts and on June 9, 1861 he captured the British blockade runner Perthshire with cargo of cotton near Pensacola, Florida. He also took part in the battles for Forts Jackson and St. Philip in April 1862. He was appointed captain and took part in the naval part of the Siege of Port Hudson in May to July, 1863. Smith was senior naval officer of a small fleet in Albemarle Sound where he attacked the Confederate ram CSS Albemarle at the Battle of Albemarle Sound in May 1864.

In his own words describing the havoc caused by one well-placed shot with the Massachusetts rifled pivot gun, at the CSS Selma October 1861.

It entered the starboard side abaft the engine five feet above the water line, cutting entirely through 18 planks of the main deck, carried away the table, sofas, eight sections of iron steam pipe, and exploded in the stateroom on the port side, stripping the bulkheads of four rooms, and setting fire to the vessel ... 12 pieces of the fragments have been collected and weigh 58 pounds.[citation needed]

He was in command of the frigate USS Wabash during both attacks on Fort Fisher in December 1864 and January 1865. In Real Admiral David Dixon Porter’s, Report to the U. S. Navy, dated January 28, 1865, from his flagship USS Malvern, on the Cape Fear River, in commendation of officers of his command the North Atlantic Squadron, the following was written about Melancton Smith:

Captain Melancton Smith, in the Wabash, has performed his duty well. He has also made a good record at the Department, and has been actively engaged in fighting since the rebellion first broke out. His old ship has done good service here, and if he had done nothing more than assist, as he has done in the capture of this place, he deserves promotion, which I hereby recommend.[citation needed]

Post Civil War[]

After the war Smith was chief of the Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting in the Department of the Navy from September 17, 1866 to July 17, 1870. He was then in charge of the New York Naval Shipyard at Brooklyn, New York until his retirement on May 24, 1871. Smith died in Green Bay, Wisconsin.[1]

Appointments and ranks[]

  • Midshipman — March 1, 1826
  • Passed Midshipman — April 28, 1832
  • Lieutenant — March 8, 1837
  • Commander — September 14, 1855
  • Captain — July 16, 1862
  • Commodore — July 25, 1866
  • Real Admiral — July 1, 1870
  • added to Retired List — May 24, 1871

See also[]

32x28px American Civil War portal
32x28px United States Navy portal



  1. Eicher, pp. 497-8.

External links[]