Civil War Wiki
Luke Edward Wright
Luke Edward Wright

43rd United States Secretary of War
In office
July 1, 1908 – March 11, 1909
President Theodore Roosevelt
Preceded by William Howard Taft
Succeeded by Jacob M. Dickinson

2nd Civil Governor of the Philippines
In office
February 1, 1904 – April 1, 1906
Preceded by William Howard Taft
Succeeded by Henry Clay Ide

Born August 29, 1846(1846-08-29)
Giles County, Tennessee, U.S.
Died November 17, 1922 (aged 76)
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Katherine Semmes Wright
Alma mater University of Mississippi
Profession Politician
Military service
Service/branch Confederate States Army
Rank Second Lieutenant
Battles/wars American Civil War

Luke Edward Wright (August 29, 1846–November 17, 1922) was a United States political figure. He served as Governor-General of the Philippines between 1904 and 1906 and also as Secretary of War from 1908 to 1909.


Wright was born in Giles County, Tennessee and moved with his family to Memphis in 1850. He attended the public schools, and enlisted at fifteen in the Confederate Army with Company G of the 154th Senior Tennessee Regiment during the American Civil War. In 1863, Wright was cited for bravery under fire in the Battle of Murfreesboro and was promoted to second lieutenant. After the Civil War, Wright entered the University of Mississippi, but did not graduate and only attended from 1867 to 1868. He also married Katherine Semmes in 1868.

After studying law in his father’s office, Wright was admitted to the bar and entered into practice in Memphis. For eight years, he served as Tennessee Attorney General, and was instrumental in establishing a relief committee during an epidemic of yellow fever in 1878. In 1900, Wright was a member of the second Philippine Commission and was appointed vice-governor of the Philippines in 1901. Wright became full Governor-General of the Philippines in 1904 and continued in that office until 1906. From 1906 to 1907, Wright served as United States ambassador to Japan.

From July 1, 1908 to March 1, 1909, Wright served as United States Secretary of War under President Theodore Roosevelt. He stressed actions to eliminate unfit officers and sought to take advantage of aviation technology. He served less than a year before resigning and returned to private life. He died in Memphis in 1922.


The "Pool of Pines" or better known as Wright Park in Baguio City, Philippines was named after Governor Luke E. Wright, the architect of this shallow elongated rectangular man-made pool of water. A street in Dumaguete City Negros Oriental is named after him.


External links[]

  • Wright Park, Baguio City Philippines [1]

Template:Start box Template:S-off |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
William Howard Taft |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Civil Governor of the Philippines
February 1, 1904–April 1, 1906 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Henry Clay Ide |- Template:U.S. Secretary box |} Template:USSecWar Template:American Governors-General of the Philippines Template:T Roosevelt cabinet

de:Luke Edward Wright it:Luke Edward Wright pam:Luke Edward Wright ja:ルーク・エドワード・ライト tl:Luke Edward Wright