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Lewis Merrill
Personal Information
Born: October 28, 1834(1834-10-28)
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Died: February 27, 1896 (aged 61)
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Other Information
Allegiance: 22x20px United States of America
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Branch: United States Army
Union Army
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Rank: Brevet Brigadier General
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Battles: American Civil War
Indian Wars
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Lewis Merrill (1834–1896) was a career officer in the United States Army noted for his work in resisting the early Ku Klux Klan organization in several Southern states. During the American Civil War, he combated guerrillas in Missouri.


Merrill was born at New Berlin, Pa. He studied at Lewisburg University (Pennsylvania), graduated at West Point in 1855, was assigned to duty as lieutenant with the First Dragoons, and served in Missouri, in Kansas Territory, and with the Utah Expedition.

In 1861, as colonel and first cavalry officer on the staff of John C. Frémont, he organized Merrill's Horse to oppose guerrillas in Missouri, and later commanded the Department of St. Louis and then that of the Department of Northern Missouri. In 1864 he was commander of the cavalry bureau at St. Louis and took part in the engagements at Franklin, Mo. The next year he was sent against guerrillas in northern Georgia and Alabama and was brevetted brigadier general.

After various western assignments he was placed in command of a military district in South Carolina with orders to break up the Ku Klux Klan. From 1871 to 1873 he succeeded in this so well that he received the thanks of the War Department. When similar conditions arose in the Red River district of Louisiana he was made commander there in 1875, remaining until the following year. As a consequence of his activities his nomination as lieutenant colonel in the regular army was held up for several years in the Senate by Southern sympathizers, but it was finally confirmed as from 1886. Merrill retired in 1886. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

See also[]

32x28px United States Army portal
32x28px American Civil War portal



sl:Lewis Merrill