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Leonard Anderson Abercrombie (1832–1891) was a lawyer, Confederate States Army officer, and a Texas state senator.

Early life[]

Leonard A. Abercrombie was born in Macon County, Alabama, on December 1, 1832, He was educated in Alexandria, Virginia, and read law in Tuskegee, Alabama.

Law career[]

He was admitted to the bar in 1854 but later that same year he moved to Madison County, Texas, and then to Huntsville. In 1860, he was elected prosecuting attorney for Galveston, Grimes, Harris, Montgomery, and Walker counties.

American Civil War Service[]

From January 28 until February 4, 1861, Abercrombie represented Walker County as a delegate to the state Secession Convention. During the American Civil War he served as lieutenant colonel of Col. Henry M. Elmore's Twentieth Texas Infantry. This regiment, organized in the spring of 1862, was composed mostly of middle-aged men. It was assigned to guard duty on the Texas Gulf coast from Galveston to the Sabine River and did not see action outside of the state. It did, however, play an important role in the Confederate recapture of Galveston in January 1863 (See the Battle of Galveston).


After the war, Abercrombie returned to his legal practice at Huntsville and was elected to represent the Ninth District as a state senator in the Twentieth Legislature. He was reelected to a seat in the Twenty-first Legislature.

Personal life[]

He was married to Lavinia Chilton in Tuskegee, Alabama. They had seven children.


He died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on December 23, 1891, and his body was returned to Huntsville for burial.