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Joseph Horace Eaton
[[Image:File:Joseph H Eaton.jpg|center|200px|border]]Joseph H. Eaton
Personal Information
Born: October 12, 1815(1815-10-12)
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Died: January 20, 1896 (aged 80)
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Other Information
Allegiance: File:Flag of the United States.svg United States of America
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Branch: United States Army
Union Army
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Rank: Brevet Brigadier General
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Battles: Mexican-American War
American Civil War
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Joseph Horace Eaton (October 12, 1815 – January 20, 1896) was an American artist and Army officer.

Early life[]

Eaton was born in Salem, Massachusetts. He graduated from West Point in 1835. During the Mexican-American War he was an aide to Gen. Zachary Taylor and was twice promoted and cited for gallantry, first at the Battle of Monterey and then at the Battle of Buena Vista. Following the Mexican War, Eaton was stationed on the frontier where he painted a series of landscapes in New Mexico in the 1850s. Those paintings are highly sought after by art collectors and museums today and even Eaton's autograph is sold at auction. Among his most important watercolors are Don Fernandez de Taos and Canocito Bonito.

Civil War[]

At the start of the American Civil War, Eaton was aide-de-camp and military secretary to Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont and was paymaster of the Department of Kansas.[1] He later was stationed in Washington, D.C., where he was assistant U.S. paymaster. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general, USA (regular army), in 1865.

Postbellum career[]

After the Civil War Eaton was assigned to Oregon where he was the Army's Chief Paymaster of the Department of the Columbia until his retirement in 1881. The son of Dr. Joseph Eaton, he married the former Susan Blaney in 1845. He died in Portland, Oregon, and is buried in River View Cemetery.

See also[]



  1. Eicher, p. 222.

External links[]