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Joseph H. De Castro
Personal Information
Born: November 14, 1844(1844-11-14)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: May 8, 1892 (aged 47)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Nickname:
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Union
United States of America
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: United States Army
Union Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Corporal
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Unit: Company I, 19th Massachusetts Infantry
Commands:
Battles: American Civil War
*Battle of Gettysburg,
Awards: Medal of Honor
Civil War Campaign Medal
Relations: {{{relations}}}
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}


Corporal Joseph H. De Castro (November 14, 1844 – May 8, 1892), was the first Hispanic-American to be awarded the United States' highest military decoration for valor in combat — the Medal of Honor — for having distinguished himself during Pickett's Charge in the Battle of Gettysburg of the American Civil War.

Early years[]

De Castro was born in Boston, Massachusetts. Upon the outbreak of the Civil War, he was among the men who joined the all volunteer 19th Massachusetts Infantry.

Military service[]

File:Pickett's Charge defence.png

Cannons representing Hancock's defenses, stormed by Pickett's Charge.

De Castro was the Massachusetts State flag bearer of Company I, 19th Massachusetts Infantry, an all volunteer unit. The unit participated in the Battle of Gettysburg at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania as part of the III Corps 3rd Brigade, U.S. Army under the command of Colonel Norman J. Hall.

On July 3, 1863, the third and last day of the battle, his unit participated in what became known as Pickett's Charge. Pickett's Charge was a disastrous infantry assault ordered by Confederate General Robert E. Lee against Major General George G. Meade's Union positions on Cemetery Ridge.

During the battle, De Castro attacked a confederate flag bearer from the 19th Virginia Infantry regiment, with the staff of his own colors and seized the opposing regiment's flag, handing the prize over to General Alexander S. Webb. General Webb is quoted as saying, "At the instant a man broke through my lines and thrust a rebel battle flag into my hands. He never said a word and darted back. It was Corporal Joseph H. De Castro, one of my color bearers. He had knocked down a color bearer in the enemy's line with the staff of the Massachusetts State colors, seized the falling flag and dashed it to me".[1] On December 1, 1864, De Castro was one of seven men from the 19th Massachusetts Infantry to be awarded the Medal of Honor.

Medal of Honor citation[]

Sergeant Joseph H. De Castro
Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I, 19th Massachusetts Infantry
Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, 1863
Born:Boston, Mass.
Date of issue: December 1, 1864
Citation:
Capture of flag of 19th Virginia regiment (C.S)

Post Civil War[]

After the war De Castro entered the regular army and served for a few years. De Castro married Rosalia Rodriguez and in 1882 moved to New York City. There he was an active member of the Phil Kearny Post, number 8 GAR. He was recently employed by the NY Barge Office when on May 8, 1892, he died in his home at 244 West 22nd Street. His funeral was held at the 18th Street Methodist Church and he was buried at Fairmount Cemetery (Section 2, Lot 300, Grave 2) in Newark, New Jersey.[2]

Awards and decorations[]

Joseph H. De Castro's awards and decorations include the following:

See also[]

32x28px Biography portal
32x28px United States Army portal
32x28px American Civil War portal
  • List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: A–F
  • List of Hispanic Medal of Honor recipients
  • Hispanics in the American Civil War

Notes[]

  1. The Magazine of American History, page 18.
  2. "New York Times"; May 10, 1892; Obituary; page 5

References[]

External links[]

Further reading[]

  • Right Before Our Eyes: Latinos Past, Present & Future, Robert Montemayor, Henry (COL) Mendoza.
  • Gettysburg: A Testing of Courage, Noah Andre Trudeau.
  • Pickett's Charge — The Last Attack at Gettysburg, Earl J Hess.
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