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John Thomas Patterson
Personal Information
Born: February 3, 1838(1838-02-03)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: March 3, 1922 (aged 84)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: United States Army
Union Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Principal Musician
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Unit: 122nd Ohio Infantry
Battles: American Civil War
Awards: Medal of Honor
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}

John Thomas Patterson (February 3, 1838–March 3, 1922) served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Second Battle of Winchester.[1]

Patterson was born in rural Morgan County, Ohio, near McConnelsville. He married Lizzie E. Bell on January 1, 1862.[2]

Civil War service[]

Patterson joined the Union Army in McConnelsville on August 22, 1862. He joined Company C of the 122nd Ohio Infantry, which mustered in on October 2, 1862. He was promoted from Musician to Principal Musician on October 8 of that year. [3][4][5]

On June 14, 1863, Patterson was wounded during the Second Battle of Winchester while he was rescuing a fellow soldier. For his valor, he was awarded the Medal of Honor.

After rescuing a fellow soldier, Patterson was taken prisoner and held for a time at Belle Isle and Libby Prison. After being released he was present at the final Battle of Appomattox Court House, along with the rest of his regiment.[2] He was mustered out with his company on June 26, 1865.[5]

Life after the Civil War[]

After the war, Patterson moved with his wife to a farm in the town of Summit, in Juneau County, Wisconsin. He served as chairman of the town board during this time.[2]

In November 1885, he moved with his wife and children to the county seat of Mauston. Patterson was elected and served for years as county surveyor for Juneau County, from about 1889 to 1915.[6] Patterson also served as a member of the Juneau County board, and as an officer for Mauston.[2]

After his wife, Lizzie, died in about 1902, Patterson married Sarah Harris in about 1906. Patterson later lived in Mauston, Wisconsin.[7] He died in 1922.[2]

Medal of Honor citation[]

His award citation reads:

With one companion, voluntarily went in front of the Union lines, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and carried back a helpless, wounded comrade, thus saving him from death or capture.[8]

See also[]

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32x28px United States Army portal
32x28px American Civil War portal
  • List of Medal of Honor recipients


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
  1. [1]
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Juneau County Chronicle (Mauston, Wisconsin), March 9, 1922.
  3. John T. Patterson at Find a Grave
  4. [2]
  5. 5.0 5.1 Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, vol. 8. Cincinnati: Ohio Valley Press, 1888. p. 317"john+t.+patterson"
  6. The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin 1889, p. 470; The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin 1891, p. 542; The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin 1895, p. 634; The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin 1899, p. 659; The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin 1903, p. 1008; The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin 1911, p. 656; The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin 1915, p. 408;
  7. [3]
  8. "Medal of Honor recipients". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2010. 

External links[]

John T. Patterson at Find a Grave