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James Calhoun
[[Image:170px|center|200px|border]]James Calhoun
Personal Information
Born: August 24, 1845(1845-08-24)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: June 25, 1876 (aged 30)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: 22x20px United States of America
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: United States Army
Union Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: First Lieutenant
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Unit: 7th U.S. Cavalry
Commands: {{{commands}}}
Battles: Battle of the Little Bighorn
Awards: {{{awards}}}
Relations: George A. Custer, brother-in-law
Thomas Custer, brother-in-law
Boston Custer, brother-in-law
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}

James Calhoun (August 24, 1845 – June 25, 1876) was a soldier in the United States Army during the American Civil War and the Black Hills War. He was the brother-in-law of George Armstrong Custer and was killed along with Custer in the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

Calhoun was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. When the American Civil War broke out, he was travelling in Europe. Upon returning to the United States, he enlisted in the Union Army in 1864. By the end of the war, he was a Sergeant.

After the war, he was appointed to Second Lieutenant in the infantry. He met Margaret Custer in 1870, and they fell in love. His soon to be brother-in-law George Armstrong Custer had him appointed to First Lieutenant in the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment, assigned to Company C.

Calhoun was known as "The Adonis of the Seventh" due to his handsome features, but he was never a womanizer as he married Margaret in 1872. He was part of the so-called "Custer Clan," which was a clique of close-knit relatives and friends of the former Civil War general. Calhoun was also the brother-in-law of fellow Clan member Myles Moylan. He often wrote letters to his brother and to Margaret, or Maggie as she was called, and writing with disdain of the Indian barbarianism. He often referred to them as "heathens" and foresaw a day when civilization would wipe them out.

At the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana Territory during the Black Hills War, he was acting as temporary commander of L Company, whose commander was on detached service as aide to General Philip H. Sheridan, and killed along with most of the company. His remains were initially buried on the battlefield, but were reinterred in Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1877. A marble slab on the Little Bighorn battlefield marks the place where his body was discovered and initially buried.

See also[]

32x28px American Civil War portal
32x28px United States Army portal

References and links[]