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Template:Infobox Congressman Homer Augustus Nelson (August 31, 1829 – April 25, 1891) was an American politician and soldier from the state of New York. He was an officer in the Union Army during the first part of the Civil War and a United States congressman during the latter half of the war.


Nelson was born in Poughkeepsie, New York, where he was also raised and educated. He studied law and was admitted to the bar, commencing practice in Poughkeepsie. He was a judge of Dutchess County, New York from 1855 to 1862.

At the outbreak of the Civil War, he became colonel of the 159th New York Volunteer Infantry. He left in 1863 when he took his seat in the 38th United States Congress, but was unsuccessful for reelection in 1864.

Following the war, he was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention in 1867 and the same year was elected Secretary of State of New York serving until 1871. Nelson later became a member of the New York State Senate in 1882 and 1883 and was appointed a member of the commission to report a revision of the judiciary article of the New York State constitution in 1890. He died the next year in Poughkeepsie and was interned in Poughkeepsie Rural Cemetery.

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Template:Start box |- ! colspan="3" style="background: #cccccc" | United States House of Representatives Template:USRepSuccessionBox Template:S-off |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Francis C. Barlow |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|New York Secretary of State
1868 - 1871 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
G. Hilton Scribner |- |} Template:New York Secretary of State