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Henry Brewerton
Personal Information
Born: September 25, 1801(1801-09-25)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: April 17, 1879 (aged 77)
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Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
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Branch: United States Army
Union Army
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Rank: Brigadier General
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Commands: Superintendent, United States Military Academy
Battles: American Civil War
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Henry Brewerton (September 25, 1801 – April 17, 1879) was a career engineering officer in the United States Army, serving as the Superintendent of the United States Military Academy and then as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Early life and career[]

Henry Brewerton was born in New York City, New York. He lost his parents at a very early age, but, under the guardianship of Daniel D. Tompkins, entered the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. He graduated in 1819 5th in a class of 29 cadets. He was not yet 18 years old at the time of his commencement.[1][2] After a brief tour at Rouses Point helping to survey and establish the 45th parallel along the border between the United States and Canada, Brewerton taught engineering at the academy.

He later worked as an engineer on seacoast defenses and on the construction of the National Road in Ohio. He returned to West Point as superintendent of the military academy in 1845. Replaced in 1852 by Robert E. Lee, Brewerton was promoted to major of engineers in 1856 after almost 30 years in the rank of captain.[3]

Civil War service[]

At the outset of the conflict in April 1861, Brewerton was on an extended tour of Western Europe, Greece, Palestine, and Egypt, escorted by Zealous B. Tower. Promoted to lieutenant colonel, U.S. Army, in August 1861, Brewerton was thereafter superintending engineer of the fortifications and improvements of Baltimore Harbor, Fort Monroe, and Hampton Roads. Breveted as a brigadier general of engineers at the war's close, Brewerton retired in 1867 after more than 45 years active service, and spent his last years in Delaware.

His son George Douglas Brewerton was a noted painter, poet, and journalist.

See also[]

32x28px United States Army portal
32x28px American Civil War portal


  • Boatner, Mark Mayo, III. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: McKay, 1959; revised 1988. ISBN 0-8129-1726-X.


  1. Boatner, p. 84.
  2. United States Military Academy Association of Graduates' Annual Report of 1879.
  3. USMA AoG Annual Report of 1879

External links[]

Template:Start box |- ! colspan="3" style="background: #CF9C65;" | Military offices

|- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Richard Delafield |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Superintendents of the United States Military Academy
1845 - 1852 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Robert E. Lee |- |}