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Henry Bohlen
[[Image:200px|center|200px|border]]Union Brigadier General - Henry Bohlen
Personal Information
Born: October 22, 1810(1810-10-22)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: August 22, 1862 (aged 51)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Nickname:
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: 22x20px United States of America
Template:Country data France Second French Empire
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: United States Army
French Army
Union Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Brigadier General
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Unit:
Commands:
Battles: Mexican-American War
Crimean War
American Civil War
Awards:
Relations:
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}


Henry Bohlen (October 22, 1810 – August 22, 1862) was an American Civil War Union Brigadier General.[1] He was the first foreign-born Union general in the Civil War.[2]

Biography[]

Bohlen was born in Bremen, Germany on October 22, 1810, while his parents were traveling in Europe for pleasure. His father was a naturalized citizen of the United States and domiciled in Philadelphia. When Bohlen was very young, his father placed him in one of the first military colleges in Germany. However, he was called to the U.S. before he had completed his studies. He did not return to Germany to complete his studies. After immigrating to the United States, Bohlen became a rich dealer of foreign wines and liquor.[2]

Mexican-American War[]

When war with Mexico broke out he accepted a position on the staff of his friend and companion, General Worth, as a volunteer Aide-de-camp.[3] During the war he participated in all the battles under Major-General Scott. When the war ended he resigned his commission and returned to selling liquor in Philadelphia.[3][1]

Crimean War[]

Due to the health of his son, he traveled to Europe. When the Crimean War broke out, he entered the service of the allies, on the French staff. During the war he took part in the siege, storming and the final surrender of Sevastopol.[3] After the war ended he lived in Holland until he heard word of the firing on and surrender of Fort Sumter.

American Civil War[]

In 1861 he was granted permission to recruit a regiment in Philadelphia, which was made up of mostly German emigrants at the out break of the American Civil War.[1] He played a key role in organizing the 75th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and he was named its Colonel and commander on September 30, 1861.[1][4] He served in the division of Louis Blenker.[1]

Bohlen was appointed Brigadier General, US Volunteers on April 28, 1862.[4] He commanded the 3rd Brigade of Carl Schurz's Division in the 1862 Valley Campaign against Stonewall Jackson. His brigade covered the retreat of the Union forces at the Battle of Cross Keys and also participated in the Battle of Cedar Mountain.[1]

While conducting reconnaissance on the Rappahannock River during the initial stages of the Northern Virginia Campaign, Bohlen was killed when his force was attempting to recross the river.[1]

On August 26, 1862, The New York Times reprinted an article from The Philadelphia Press about the death of Bohlen:

And the army was safely across the Rappahannock, still nearest the enemy, Bohlen's brigade was fighting continually, and unfortunately for the country and its cause... Bohlen was observed by a rebel sharpshooter, while riding across the field, directing the movements of his troops, and shot through the head.[5]

There were rumors that Bohlen was killed by one of his own men, but, evidence suggests that he was liked by his troops and that he died from enemy fire.[6]

Bohlen was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia.[1][6]

Family[]

The Bohlen family tree includes his grandson Nazi industrialist, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, and his great-great-nephew Charles Bohlen a United States diplomat from 1929 to 1969 and Soviet expert.

See also[]

32x28px United States Army portal
32x28px American Civil War portal

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 "Henry Bohlen". Find A Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?GRid=21662&page=gr. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Smith (2005), p. 56 - Smith, Derek (2005). The Gallant Dead: Union and Confederate Generals Killed in the Civil War. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0811701328. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named stonewall.hut.ru
  4. 4.0 4.1 Hunt (2007), p. 14 - Hunt, Roger D. (2007). Colonels in Blue: Union Army Colonels of the Civil War. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0811702537. 
  5. Smith (2005), p. 57 - Smith, Derek (2005). The Gallant Dead: Union and Confederate Generals Killed in the Civil War. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0811701328. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Smith (2005), p. 58 - Smith, Derek (2005). The Gallant Dead: Union and Confederate Generals Killed in the Civil War. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0811701328. 

Further reading[]

  • Hunt, Roger D. (2007). Colonels in Blue: Union Army Colonels of the Civil War. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0811702537. 
  • Smith, Derek (2005). The Gallant Dead: Union and Confederate Generals Killed in the Civil War. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0811701328. 
  • Bates, Samuel Penniman (1875). Martial Deeds of Pennsylvania. T.H. Davis & Co. 

External links[]

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