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Early life and career
Born in LeRoy, New York, he attended Middlebury Academy and Geneva College; he studied medicine and completed his medical course at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, and commenced practice in Logansport, Indiana in 1834. He was a member of the Indiana House of Representatives in 1836 and 1839, and was a professor of anatomy at the Rush Medical College in Chicago from 1844 to 1848, and at the Indianapolis Medical College in 1878.
Fitch was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses, serving from March 4, 1849 to March 3, 1853; he was not a candidate for renomination in 1852 and resumed the practice of medicine. He was elected to the U.S. Senate to fill a vacancy in the term beginning March 4, 1855, and served from February 4, 1857, to March 3, 1861; he was not a candidate for reelection in 1860. While in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Printing (Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses).
Civil War service
After the Civil War erupted and President Abraham Lincoln called for 100,000 volunteers to put down the rebellion, Fitch raised the Forty-sixth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He served as its colonel for much of the war before being promoted to command of a brigade.
During the battles of New Madrid and Battle of Island Number Ten, Fitch commanded the 2nd Brigade of Brigadier General John M. Palmer's infantry division. He also participated in the capture of Fort Pillow and Memphis. Fitch later commanded the Union infantry forces at Saint Charles in Arkansas.
In late 1862 he resigned his commission because of injuries received in action.
Fitch returned home and resumed the practice of medicine in Logansport. He died there in 1892; interment was in Mount Hope Cemetery.
Edwin Denby, Fitch's grandson, was a U.S. Representative from Michigan and Secretary of the Navy.
- Graham N. Fitch at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2008-11-05
! colspan="3" style="background: #cccccc" | United States House of Representatives
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|width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Charles W. Cathcart |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|U.S. Congressman, Indiana 9th District
1849–1853 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Norman Eddy |- |- ! colspan="3" style="background: #cccccc" | United States Senate Template:U.S. Senator box |} Template:USSenIN
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