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Ezra Booth Taylor (July 9, 1823 - January 29, 1912) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.


Taylor was born in Nelson, Ohio and attended the common and select schools and academies. He studied law and was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Portage County in 1845. Taylor was elected prosecuting attorney in 1854 and moved to Warren, Ohio, in 1861. During the American Civil War, he enrolled as a private in Company A, One Hundred and Seventy-first Ohio Infantry, on April 27, 1864. He was mustered into service on May 5, 1864, and was honorably discharged on August 20, 1864. Taylor was elected judge of the court of common pleas for the ninth judicial district of Ohio and served from March 1877 to September 1880, when he resigned. Taylor was elected as a Republican to the Forty-sixth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James A. Garfield. He was reelected to the Forty-seventh and to the five succeeding Congresses and served from December 13, 1880, to March 3, 1893. He served as chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary (Fifty-first Congress) but declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1892. After leaving office he resumed the practice of his profession. He died in Warren, Ohio, January 29, 1912 and was interred in the Warren mausoleum at Oakwood Cemetery.


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.