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For the rugby league footballer of the 1950s for Great Britain, and York, see Edgar Dawson

Edgar Gilmer Dawson (March 6, 1830 – April 24, 1883) was a planter and lawyer. He was born in Greensboro, Georgia, and was one of the Greene County Dawsons, the fifth child of Senator William Crosby Dawson.

In 1849 he received a B.A. from the University of Georgia and he married Lucy F. Terrell, daughter of Dr. William Terrell of Sparta, Georgia, in 1856.

Dawson served as Captain and later Major of the Terrell Light Artillery from 1861 to 1864 during the Civil War. After 1867, he became a resident of Baltimore, Maryland.

The Edgar Gilmer Dawson Fund supports agricultural education at the University of Georgia. Dawson Hall, which houses the College of Home Economics, was named for him.