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Burt Green Wilder (August 11, 1841 - January 21, 1925) was an American comparative anatomist, born in Boston to David and Celia Colton Wilder. He graduated at Harvard (Lawrence Scientific School), 1862; medical department, 1866). During part of the Civil War he served as surgeon of the Fifty-fifth (Negro) Massachusetts Infantry. From 1867 to his retirement in 1910 he was professor of neurology and vertebrate zoölogy at Cornell. In 1885 he was president of the American Neurological Association and in 1898 of the Association of American Anatomists. While at Cornell, WIlder began what would become the Wilder Brain Collection. His own brain was removed from his corpse and added to the collection.

Among his writings are:

  • What Young People Should Know (1874)
  • Anatomical Technology (1882), with Gage
  • Physiology Practicums (second edition, 1895)