Civil War Wiki
Battle of Guard Hill
Part of the American Civil War
Date August 16, 1864
Location Warren County, Virginia
Result Inconclusive
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Thomas C. Devin William Wofford
Brigades brigades
Casualties and losses
71 480

The Battle of Guard Hill took place on August 16, 1864, in Warren County, Virginia as part of Philip H. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign of the American Civil War.

On the morning of August 16, Confederate General Robert E. Lee's troopers scattered the Federal pickets at the Shenandoah River crossing at Front Royal. The troopers pursued them down the Front Royal Pike, eventually coming to Guard Hill, a prominent landmark. There, they were hit by Union Brig. Gen. Thomas C. Devin's dismounted cavalry brigade and sustained heavy losses. Confederate Brig. Gen. William T. Wofford's brigade attempted a flanking movement by wading across Crooked Run. There, they were attacked by two New York brigades, who took 300 of them captive. Union Brig. Gen. George A. Custer's Michigan Brigade rode toward the battle and sustained Devin's line along Crooked Run until they were forced to withdraw to Cedarville by Confederate artillery now on Guard Hill.[1]


  1. North & South - The Official Magazine of the Civil War Society, Volume 11, Number 2, Page 76, accessed April 16, 2010, "The Battle of Crooked Run", part of the Battle of Guard Hill