Civil War Wiki
Arthur Pendleton Mason
Personal Information
Born: December 11, 1835(1835-12-11)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: April 22, 1893 (aged 57)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Nickname: "Pen"
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: United States of America
Confederate States of America
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: Confederate States Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Lieutenant colonel (CSA)
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Unit: {{{unit}}}
Commands: 2nd Regiment Mississippi Cavalry
6th Regiment Arkansas Volunteers
Army of Tennessee
Battles: American Civil War
Relations: {{{relations}}}
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}

Arthur "Pen" Pendleton Mason (11 December 1835–22 April 1893)[1][2][3] was a Lieutenant Colonel in the Confederate States Army serving during the American Civil War.[4] Mason was a scion of the prominent Mason political family of Virginia.[3]

Early life and education[]

Mason was born on 11 December 1835 near Alexandria, Virginia in Fairfax County.[1][5] He was the ninth and youngest child of Thomson Francis Mason (1785–21 December 1838)[6][7] and his wife Elizabeth "Betsey" Clapham Price (1802–21 December 1873).

Mason earned his law degree from the University of Virginia.[5] Following law school, Mason was a planter and practiced law in Alexandria and Richmond.[5]

Mason's father died on 21 December 1838 in Alexandria at the age of 53.[6][7][8][9][10][11] Mason inherited his father's Colross estate in Alexandria.[12] His mother transferred ownership of Huntley on 7 November 1859 to Mason and his brother Dr. John "Frank" Francis Mason.[8][11]

American Civil War[]

During the American Civil War, Mason joined the 2nd Regiment Mississippi Cavalry in either late 1860 or early 1861.[13] On 5 June 1861, Mason transferred to the 6th Regiment of Brigadier General Thomas C. Hindman's brigade of Arkansas Volunteers.[5][13] On 11 December 1861, Mason was ordered to report to General Joseph E. Johnston at Manassas.[5][13] His brother-in-law, Thomas Grimke Rhett, was Johnston's chief of staff at the time.[13] Mason was Johnston's assistant adjutant general during most of the war.[13] Mason served as a member of Johnston's staff until Johnston was wounded at the Battle of Seven Pines in 1862.[4] Mason then served under Robert E. Lee until 1863 when he rejoined Johnston's during the Vicksburg Campaign.[4][5][13] Following Johnston's removal from the command of the Army of Tennessee during the Atlanta Campaign, Mason joined the staff of John Bell Hood.[4] Mason was appointed colonel in the 2nd Mississippi Cavalry on 2 January 1864, but President Jefferson Davis declined to nominated him and his appointment was later voided.[5] Upon Hood's defeat at Nashville in December 1864, Mason joined Lieutenant General Richard Taylor's staff before rejoining Johnston in North Carolina at the end of the war.[4]

Marriage and children[]

Mason married Mary Ellen Campbell, daughter of Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, John Archibald Campbell.[1][3][5][14] The couple had four children, with only one surviving to adulthood:[1][3]

  • John Archibald Campbell Mason (10 December 1870–18 April 1888)[1][2]

Later life[]

Following the war, Mason relocated to New Orleans, Louisiana where he became a merchant.[5]

Mason died on 22 April 1893 in Morris Park, The Bronx, New York at age 57.[1][5] Mason was interred in Green Mount Cemetery in Baltimore, Maryland.[5]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Gunston Hall. "Arthur Pendleton Mason". Gunston Hall. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 (09 Feb 2008). "Arthur Pendleton Mason". Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Duncan, Patricia B. (2008). Genealogical Abstracts from the Mirror, 1891-1899, Loudoun County, Virginia. Heritage Books. ISBN 0788445855. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Brown, Campbell; Terry L. Jones (2004). Campbell Brown's Civil War: With Ewell and the Army of Northern Virginia. Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 0807130192. 
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 Allardice, Bruce S. (2008). Confederate Colonels: A Biographical Register. University of Missouri: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 0826218091. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Gunston Hall. "Thomson Francis Mason". Gunston Hall. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 The Political Graveyard (June 16, 2008). "Mason family of Virginia". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Shirley Scalley. "Thomson Francis Mason 1785-1838". Huntley Meadows Park. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  9. Fairfax County Park Authority. "Historic Huntley". Fairfax County Park Authority. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  10. Alexandria Library (May 2005). "Thomson Mason Papers". Alexandria Library. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Staff (March 1972). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Huntley". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  12. Becky Bass Bonner and Josephine Lindsay Bass (05/29/2005 09:03:10 PM Central Standard Time). "Arthur Pendleton MASON". My Southern Family. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 Shirley Scalley. "The Civil War Years". Huntley Meadows Park: A Little History by Shirley Scalley. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  14. De Leon, Thomas Cooper (1909). Belles, beaux and brains of the 60's. G.W. Dillingham Company. ISBN 0807130192. 

Template:Virginia Masons