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Andrew Jackson Caldwell (July 22, 1837 – November 22, 1906) was a U.S. Representative from Tennessee.


Born in Montevallo, Alabama, Caldwell moved to Tennessee in 1844 with his parents, who settled near Nashville.

He attended the common schools. He graduated from Franklin College, Tennessee, in 1854. He taught school in Nashville 1854-1857. He moved to Trenton in 1857 and studied law. During the Civil War, he served in the Confederate States Army as a private and regimental quartermaster in the First Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry. He resumed his law studies. He was admitted to the Tennessee bar in 1867 and commenced the practice of law in Nashville, Tennessee. He was attorney general for the district of Davidson and Rutherford Counties, Tennessee from 1870 to 1878. He served as a member of the Tennessee House of Representatives in 1880 and 1882.

Caldwell was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses (March 4, 1883-March 3, 1887). He was not a candidate for reelection to the Fiftieth Congress. He resumed the practice of law. He died in Nashville, Tennessee, November 22, 1906. He was interred in Mount Olivet Cemetery.


PD-icon This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.