Alfred Moore Waddell (September 16, 1834 – March 17, 1912) was a Democratic U. S. Congressman from North Carolina between 1871 and 1879 and later mayor of Wilmington, North Carolina.
He was the great-grandson of both Brigadier General Francis Nash and U. S. Supreme Court Justice Alfred Moore. Born in Hillsboro, North Carolina, Waddell attended Bingham’s School and Caldwell Institute before enrolling in the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, graduating in 1853. He was admitted to the bar and began practicing law in Wilmington, North Carolina in 1855.
In 1856, he supported the American Party and opposed secession in the years leading up to the Civil War. A delegate to the Constitutional Union National Convention in Baltimore in 1860, Waddell entered the newspaper business in North Carolina; he edited the Wilmington Daily Herald in 1860 and 1861. He fought for the Confederacy in the American Civil War and rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Third Cavalry, Forty-first North Carolina Regiment.
In 1870, Waddell was elected to the 42nd United States Congress; he was re-elected three times, serving as the chairman of the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads during his final term in Congress. He was defeated for re-election by Daniel L. Russell in 1878 and returned to law and the newspaper business in North Carolina, serving as editor of the Charlotte Journal-Observer in 1881 and 1882.
On November 10, 1898, just after the general election that brought Democrats back to power in the state legislature, a mob led by Alfred Moore Waddell and others forced white Republican Mayor Silas P. Wright and other members of the city government (both black and white) to resign (they would not be up for re-election until 1899). A new city council elected Waddell to take over as mayor. 
Waddell remained active in politics and was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1880 and 1896. In 1898, he helped engineer the Wilmington Insurrection of 1898 and was "elected" mayor of Wilmington after the coup d'état. He went on to serve in that post for six years. Waddell died in Wilmington in 1912.
- North Carolina History Project : Alfred Moore Waddell (1834-1912) at www.northcarolinahistory.org
- Inventory of the Alfred M. Waddell Papers, 1768-1935, in the Southern Historical Collection, UNC-Chapel Hill
- NC History Project
- Alfred Moore Waddell at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2008-09-27