Alfred Holt Colquitt (April 20, 1824 – March 26, 1894) was a lawyer, preacher, soldier, 49th Governor of Georgia and two term U.S. Senator from Georgia where he died in office. He served as an officer in the Confederate army, reaching the rank of major general.
Colquitt was born in Monroe, Georgia. His father, Walter T. Colquitt was a United States Representative and Senator from Georgia. Alfred graduated from Princeton College in 1844, studied law and passed his bar examination in 1846. He began practicing law in Monroe. During the Mexican-American War, he served in the United States Army at the rank of major. After the war, Colquitt was elected as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1853 to 1855. He then served in the Georgia state legislature. In 1861, he was a delegate to the state secession convention.
At the beginning of the Civil War, he was appointed captain in the Sixth Georgia Infantry. He saw action in the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days' Battles. He rose through the ranks to become a brigadier general in 1862. He led his brigade under Stonewall Jackson in the Battle of South Mountain, Battle of Antietam, the Battle of Fredericksburg, and the Battle of Chancellorsville. After Chancellorsville, some questions arose about Colquitt's performance during that battle and his brigade was transferred to North Carolina in exchange for another. His brigade was transferred again in the summer of 1863 to protect Charleston, South Carolina. In February 1864, Colquitt marched his brigade south to help defend against the Union invasion of Florida, and was victorious in the Battle of Olustee. After this battle, Colquitt's brigade rejoined Robert E. Lee's Army of Virginia. Late in the war, the brigade returned to defend North Carolina where Colquitt surrendered in 1865.
He defeated Republican candidate Jonathan Norcross for Governor of Georgia in 1876 and was reelected in 1880 to serve two years under the new state constitution. He was opposed to Reconstruction. In 1883, he was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate. He was re-elected in 1888 and served until his death in Washington, D.C..
- Alfred H. Colquitt at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2008-02-13
Template:Start box Template:USRepSuccessionBox Template:S-off |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
James M. Smith |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Governor of Georgia
1877 – 1882 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Alexander H. Stephens |- |- ! colspan="3" style="background: #cccccc" | United States Senate Template:U.S. Senator box |} Template:Governors of Georgia Template:USSenGA
de:Alfred Holt Colquitt sv:Alfred H. Colquitt