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Alexander Asboth
[[Image:150px|center|200px|border]]Alexander Asboth
Personal Information
Born: December 18, 1810(1810-12-18)
Place of Birth: {{{place of birth}}}
Died: January 21, 1868 (aged 57)
Place of Death: {{{place of death}}}
Nickname: {{{nickname}}}
Birth Name: {{{birth name}}}
Other Information
Allegiance: Kingdom of Hungary
United States of America
Participation(s): {{{participations}}}
Branch: Hungarian Army
Union Army
Service Years: {{{service years}}}
Rank: Captain (Hungary)
Brigadier General (USA)
Service number : {{{servicenumber}}}
Battles: American Civil War
Relations: {{{relations}}}
Other work: {{{otherwork}}}

Alexander (Sandor) Asboth (Hungarian: Asbóth Sándor, December 18, 1810 – January 21, 1868) was a Hungarian military leader best known for his victories as a Union brigadier general during the American Civil War. He also served as an United States Ambassador to Argentina and an United States Ambassador to Uruguay.

Early life[]

Asboth was born in Keszthely, Hungary.[1] When Asboth was 8, his family moved to Zombor. Asboth wanted to be a soldier, like his elder brother Lajos, but instead his parents decided he should be an engineer. He studied at the Mining Academy of Selmecbanya and the Institutum Geometricum in Pest.[2]

He then trained at the Hungarian military academy. In 1836, Asboth enlisted to the newly-formed Hungarian Army.[2] He worked as both a soldier and an engineer for the army, and in December 1848 he was promoted to captain.[1] During his time as captain, he took part in the Battles of Kapolna and Nagysallo. After these battles, he joined with freedom-fighter Lajos Kossuth in the 1848 revolutionary movement.[2] Asboth traveled with Kossuth to the Ottoman Empire and then to the United States in 1851, after the revolution failed.[3]

United States and Civil War[]

Asboth remained in the United States and joined the Union. Starting in July 1861, he served as chief of staff for General John C. Frémont. On September 26, 1861, he was promoted to brigadier general and assigned commanded of the 4th Division in Frémont's western campaign.[4] Asboth later led a division under Samuel Curtis, and during the Arkansas campaign he occupied Bentonville and Fayetteville. He participated in the Battle of Pea Ridge, leading troops at the Little Sugar Creek position.[5] His arm was seriously wounded while bringing reinforcements to support Colonel Eugene A. Carr. Reinforcements were transferred to Henry Halleck from the Army of the Southwest and during the Siege of Corinth, Asboth commanded a brigade in the Army of the Mississippi.[2]

Asboth later commanded garrisons in Kentucky and Ohio. In August 1863, Asboth was assigned to the District of West Florida, with his headquarters at Fort Pickens. He was badly wounded in the Battle of Marianna on September 27, 1864, his left cheek-bone being broken and his left arm fractured in two places.[6]

Later life and death[]

He was appointed to U.S. Minister to Argentina and Uruguay after the war and died in Buenos Aires in 1868, likely due to his wounds received in Florida.[2] Though he was buried in Argentina,[2] his remains were returned to the United States in 1990 for burial in Arlington National Cemetery.[6]

See also[]

32x28px Biography portal
32x28px United States Army portal
32x28px American Civil War portal


  1. 1.0 1.1 Cox's pp. 5-6
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Warner's pp. 11-12
  3. Watson's pg. 307
  4. Grant's pg. 3
  5. Gracza's pg. 26
  6. 6.0 6.1 Welsh's pg. 8


  • Cox, Dale; "The Battle of Marianna, Florida", Dale Cox, (2007)
  • Warner, Ezra J.; "Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders", LSU Press, (1964)
  • Watson, Davis; "The Civil War and Reconstruction in Florida", BiblioBazaar, LLC, (2009)
  • Grant, Ulysses S., Simon, John Y.; "The papers of Ulysses S. Grant: 1837-1861, Volume 1", SIU Press, (1967)
  • Gracza, Rezsoe, Gracza, Margaret Young; "The Hungarians in America"
  • Welsh, Jack D.; "Medical Histories of Union Generals", Kent State University Press, (2005)
  • Template:Appletons
  • Alexander Asboth at Find a Grave Retrieved on 2008-01-06
  • Beszedits, Stephen (December 2003). "Hungarians with General John C. Fremont in the American Civil War" ([dead link]). Vasváry Collection Newsletter (30). Template:Oclc. Retrieved 2007-08-21. 
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Robert C. Kirk
United States Minister Resident, Argentina
October 20, 1866–January 21, 1868
Succeeded by
H. G. Worthington
United States Minister Resident, Uruguay
October 2, 1867–January 21, 1868

de:Alexander Asboth eo:Sándor Asbóth hu:Asbóth Sándor