Civil War Wiki
59th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry
Illinois state flag
Active September 18, 1861 to December 8, 1865
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Battle of Pea Ridge
Battle of Perryville
Battle of Stone's River
Battle of Lookout Mountain
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Siege of Atlanta
Battle of Jonesboro
Battle of Franklin
Battle of Nashville

The 59th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.


The 59th Illinois Infantry was originally organized as the 9th Missouri Volunteer Infantry Regiment at Saint Louis, Missouri and mustered into Federal service on September 18, 1861.

The regiment was mustered out on December 8, 1865.

Total strength and casualties[]

The regiment suffered 4 officers and 105 enlisted men who were killed in action or mortally wounded and 4 officers and 117 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 230 fatalities.[1]


  • Colonel John C. Kelton - resigned on March 1, 1862.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Calvin Harlowe Frederick - paralyzed at battle of Pea Ridge March 1862.
  • Colonel P. Sidney Post - mustered out with the regiment.[2]

See also[]

  • List of Illinois Civil War Units
  • Illinois in the American Civil War


  1. The Civil War Archive website after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
  2. Illinois in the Civil War website after Illinois Adjutant General's muster rolls