Civil War Wiki
55th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry
Illinois state flag
Active October 31, 1861 to August 14, 1865
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Battle of Shiloh
Siege of Corinth
Vicksburg Campaign
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou
Battle of Fort Hindman (Arkansas Post)
Battle of Snyder's Bluff
Battle of Jackson (MS)
Battle of Champion Hill
Siege of Vicksburg
Battle of Collierville
Third Battle of Chattanooga
Atlanta Campaign
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Battle of Atlanta
Battle of Ezra Church
Battle of Jonesborough
Battle of Allatoona Pass
March to the Sea
Battle of Fort McAllister II
Carolinas Campaign
Battle of Bentonville

The 55th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The regiment is sometimes referred to as the Canton Rifles or the Douglas Brigade 2nd Regiment.



Monument to the 55th Illinois Infantry and Oscar Malmborg at Vicksburg.

The 55th Illinois Infantry was organized at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois and mustered into Federal service on October 31, 1861. Training continued at Benton Barracks, Missouri. The 55th was part of Sherman's Yazoo Expedition.

The regiment was mustered out on August 14, 1865.

Total strength and casualties[]

The regiment suffered casualties including nine officers, 149 enlisted men who were killed in action, or mortally wounded, and two officers and 127 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 286 fatalities.[1]


  • Colonel David Stuart - promoted to brigadier general on November 29, 1862, U.S. Senate refused to confirm appointment, resigned April 3, 1863
  • Colonel Oscar Malmborg[2]

See also[]

File:NPS vicksburg.jpg

Map of Vicksburg National Military Park.


  1. The Civil War Archive website after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
  2. Illinois in the Civil War website after Illinois Adjutant General's muster rolls


External links[]