Civil War Wiki
38th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry
Illinois state flag
Active August 15, 1861 to December 31, 1865
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Battle of Perryville
Battle of Stone's River
Battle of Chickamauga
Siege of Chattanooga
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Atlanta
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Battle of Franklin
Battle of Nashville

The 38th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.


The 38th Illinois Infantry was organized at Camp Butler, Illinois and mustered into Federal service on August 15, 1861 for three years service.

The regiment was mustered out on December 31, 1865.

Total strength and casualties[]

The regiment suffered 7 officers and 107 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 3 officers and 177 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 294 fatalities.[1]


  • Colonel William P. Carlin - promoted brigadier general on May 7, 1863.
  • Colonel Daniel H. Gilmer - killed in action at the Battle of Chickamauga on September 23, 1863
  • Colonel William F. Chapman - died Pulaski, Tennessee on November 23, 1864.[2]

See also[]

  • List of Illinois Civil War Units
  • Illinois in the American Civil War


  1. The Civil War Archive website after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
  2. Illinois in the Civil War website after Illinois Adjutant General's muster rolls