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2nd Regiment Kansas Volunteer Infantry (African Descent)
File:Flag of Kansas.svg
Active August 11, 1863 to December 13, 1864
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Battle of Baxter Springs
Battle of Jenkins' Ferry

The 2nd Kansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment (African Descent) was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.


The 2nd Kansas Infantry (African Descent) was organized at Fort Scott, Kansas and mustered in for three years. It mustered in by individual companies beginning in August 1863 at Fort Scott and completed muster-in at Fort Smith, Arkansas on November 1, 1863 under the command of Colonel Samuel Johnson Crawford. As was custom at the time, the regiment was designated 2nd Kansas (Colored) Volunteer Infantry.

The regiment was attached to District of the Frontier, Department of Missouri, to January 1864. Unattached, District of the Frontier, VII Corps, Department of Arkansas, to March 1864. 2nd Brigade, District of the Frontier, VII Corps, to December 1864.

The 2nd Kansas Infantry (African Descent) ceased to exist on December 13, 1864 when its designation was changed to the 83rd U.S. Colored Troops.

Detailed service[]

Action at Baxter Springs, Arkansas, October 6, 1863 (Company B). Moved from Fort Scott, Kansas, to Fort Smith, Arkansas, October 19, 1863, as escort to train. Duty at Fort Smith until March 1864. Steele's Expedition to Camden March 23-April 30. Prairie D'Ann April 9–13. Jenkins' Ferry April 30, and May 4 and 8. Return to Fort Smith and duty there until December.


The regiment lost at least 71 men during service; 1 officer and 70 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded. (These numbers are incomplete because the regiment's records were lost after the action at Jenkins' Ferry.)


  • Colonel Samuel Johnson Crawford

See also[]

  • List of Kansas Civil War Units
  • Kansas in the Civil War


  • Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
  • Official Military History of Kansas Regiments During the War for the Suppression of the Great Rebellion (Leavenworth: W. S. Burke), 1870.
  • Template:CWR

External links[]