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1st West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Flag of West Virginia
Active October 30, 1861 to October 10, 1864
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Battle of Cedar Mountain
Battle of Second Bull Run
Battle of Cedar Creek

The 1st West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Service record[]

The second incarnation of the 1st West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was mustered in for three year's service on October 30 at Wheeling, Virginia. It was known as the 1st Virginia until West Virginia became a state. Among the more notable members was the chaplain, James McCook, a member of the famed Fighting McCooks. Most of the early recruits were from neighboring Ohio. An analysis of the regiment by the George Tyler Moore Center in Shepherdstown, West Virginia shows that it was composed of 39% native West Virginians, while 23% were from Ohio, 18% Pennsylvania, 11% were immigrants and 8% were from other U.S. states. George Tyler Moore Center

Following the expiration of the original three-year term of enlistment, veterans of the regiment who chose to re-enlist were amalgamated with the 5th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment on October 10, 1864, to form the 2nd West Virginia Veteran Volunteer Infantry Regiment.


The 1st West Virginia suffered 3 officers and 51 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded in battle and 2 officers and 136 enlisted men dead from disease for a total of 192 fatalities.[1]



See also[]