Civil War Wiki
1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment
Flag of the United States, 1865-1867
Active October, 1862 to October 20, 1865
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Cavalry
Engagements Battle of Atlanta
Battle of Monroe's Crossroads
Battle of Bentonville

The 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment was a cavalry regiment recruited from Southern Unionists that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.


The 1st Alabama Cavalry was raised from Alabama Unionists at Huntsville, Alabama and Memphis, Tennessee in October, 1862 after Federal troops occupied the area. It was attached to the XVI Corps in various divisions until November 1864, when it became part of the XV Corps. During this time, its duties mostly consisted of scouting, raiding, reconnaissance, flank guard, and providing screening to the infantry while on the march.

The regiment was selected by Major General William T. Sherman to be his escort as he began his march to the sea. It was assigned to the Third Division of the Cavalry Corps, Military Division of the Mississippi in January 1865. It fought at the battles of Monroe's Crossroads and Bentonville and was present at the surrender of the Army of Tennessee at the Bennett Place. It was sent to the District of Northern Alabama, Department of the Cumberland in June 1865.

The regiment was mustered out of service at Huntsville, Alabama on October 20, 1865, with only 397 men present. Out of the 2,000 men who served in the unit during the course of the war, 345 were killed in action, died in prison, of disease or other non-battle causes, 88 were captured, and 279 deserted, with no accurate count of the number of wounded.


  • Killed and mortally wounded: 5 officers, 482 enlisted men
  • Died of disease: 1 officers, 13 enlisted men
  • Wounded: 2 officers, 450 enlisted men
  • Captured or missing: 0 officers, 0 enlisted men
  • Total: 10 officers, 945 enlisted men


A unit based in Jasper, Alabama portrays Company C and was founded in 1992. It usually fights in reenactments as skirmishers, thus not having horses around (Civil War cavalry which fought as skirmishers did so with their horses out of sight in order to protect them).

See also[]

  • List of Alabama Union Civil War regiments